A Review of Physiological Structures and Dental Disorders of Canids Using Radiography and Computed Tomography
Canids are heterodont and diphyodont animals, which most of adult canids have 42 permanent teeth. Nowadays, attention to the oral and dental disorders in pets has gained a special region in veterinary medicine and on the top of these problems can be referred to dental infections and other periodontal diseases. Anatomy and positioning of teeth and periodontal diseases also could be observed by diagnostic imaging techniques included radiography and CT-scan. Radiography is an effective method for dental examination with low-cost and fast execution times and can be performed during surgery. Although, computed tomography is high contrasted method in oral cavity examination that facilitates the diagnosis of multiple disease. Precise and detailed imaging of the region of interest even before changes become clinically apparent, the reduced examination time than oral radiography, 3D imaging in different views, but expensiveness and risks associated with anesthesia may be the restrictive factors.
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